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Sample Forecast for Worldwide

Summary for the World

Synopsis: La Niña is favored to develop during August - October 2016, with about a 55-60% chance of La Niña during the fall and winter 2016-17.

ENSO-neutral conditions were observed during the past month, as indicated by near-to-below average surface temperatures (SST) across the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. While the Niño-4 region was slightly above average, the other Niño indices were either slightly below average or near zero during June. Below-average subsurface temperatures continued and extended to the surface in parts of the central and eastern equatorial Pacific. Atmospheric anomalies over the tropical Pacific Ocean also indicated ENSO-neutral conditions. The traditional Southern Oscillation index was slightly positive while the equatorial Southern Oscillation index was near zero. The upper and lower-level winds were both near average across most of the tropical Pacific. Convection was slightly suppressed over portions of the western tropical Pacific and enhanced over part of Indonesia. Collectively, these atmospheric and oceanic anomalies reflect ENSO-neutral conditions.

Many models favor La Niña (3-month average Niño-3.4 index less than or equal to -0.5°C) by the end of the Northern Hemisphere summer, continuing during fall and lasting into winter. Statistical models predict a later onset time (i.e., mid-fall) than dynamical models, and also predict a relatively weaker event. The forecaster consensus is somewhat of a compromise between the two model types, favoring La Niña onset during the August-October season, and predicting a weak event (Niño-3.4 index between -0.5°C and -1.0°C), if an event were to form. Overall, ENSO-neutral conditions currently prevail and La Niña is favored to develop by August - October 2016, with about a 55-60% chance of La Niña during the fall and winter 2016-17.

August Wind

Most landmasses will experience average wind conditions for the month. Winds will be less than average in southeastern Pacific Ocean into SE Asia and the Caribbean and portions of southern Africa and southern India. Above average winds are expected in Japan and southern Alaska

August Solar Radiation

Much of the world should be near normal except through Southeast Asia and north central Africa that should be slightly above normal.

August Temperature Extreme Forecast Index

Much of Central North America and South America are forecast as usually low while similar conditions prevail in much of Africa and China and Central Asia. Warm episodes are limited to Western Europe and the eastern South Pacific and insular SE Asia and the Arctic region.

August Precipitation Extreme Forecast Index

In the western hemisphere extreme precipitation events are forecast for Colorado and the western plain States and parts of the northern and eastern Caribbean. The Amazon could have unusually to very unusually low rainfall. Higher than normal rainfall events area also expected in Argentina and Bolivia.

In SE Asia and unusually low rainfall is forecast through the western island portion of the region. In Northeast Asia unusually to very unusually high rainfall events are possible in western and Central China and above normal events in Northeast China. Also in the Central Pacific both above and below the equator and also in Indonesia.

Extreme rainfall events are possible in DR Congo and Angola and also in northeast Africa in Egypt, and also in the interior of West Africa (Mali, Burkina Faso and Nigeria) and eastern Saudi Arabia and Kuwait and southern Iraq as well as eastern Iran and western Afghanistan.

Through much of Europe and continental north Asia usual normal to usual high conditions prevail with extreme rainfall possible in northern Spain and southern France.

August Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly

Warmer than normal; conditions prevail in the western North Atlantic and near normal conditions elsewhere. In the South Atlantic warmer than normal conditions prevail except along the coast of southern Brazil and Argentina that are cooler than normal.

The Northern Pacific is near normal with ENSO neutral conditions prevailing with cooler waters in the eastern tropical Pacific. The South Pacific is warmer than normal off the South American coast and also in the western South Pacific near Australia and New Zealand while the central South Pacific is near normal.

The Indian Ocean is warmer than normal from north to south in the Central region, South of India and Sri Lanka with cooler than normal water off the coast of Africa and also off the coast of southwestern Australia.

August Global Precipitation Anomaly

North and South America near normal with slightly wetter conditions in Central North America and also northwest South America and part of western Mexico and norther Brazil into Suriname and Guyana.

Southeast Asia looks to be drier than normal north of the Equator and wetter than normal south of Equator while northern India is wetter than normal and central India is slightly drier than normal along with the west coast of India. Much of Bangladesh and western Myanmar is likely to be near normal and most of China and north Asia near normal.

Much of Africa should be near normal except a belt from Sudan west to Nigeria and Burkina Faso that should be wetter than normal. The Middle East and western central Asia should be near normal. Europe should be near normal.

August Global Temperature Anomaly

Much of North America, the Caribbean, and Central and northern South America should be warmer than normal. Only Argentic and Southern Brazil should be cooler than normal.

New Zealand the eastern half and northern part of Australia should be warmer than normal and southwestern Australia cooler than normal and all of east and Southeast Asia should be warmer than normal with norther India and eastern Pakistan cooler than normal. Southwest India should be warmer than normal as well as western China and Tibet.

Central Africa should be cooler than normal and Southern Africa warmer than normal as well as northern Africa. The Middle East and Iran and Afghanistan should be warmer than normal as well as all of northern Asia to the Arctic. Bulgaria through Georgia and Azerbaijan should be cooler than normal. Eastern Spain and should be cooler than normal and most of the rest of Europe near normal.